King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272

King Henry III was born 1st October 1207 and died 16th November 1272. He was the son of King John and became King on the death of his father in 1216. Because he was a minor William Marshal was appointed regent until he came of age. He married Eleanor of Provence in 1236 and they … Read more King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272

King Richard the Lionheart 1157 – 1199

Richard was born 8th September 1157 and died 6th April 1189. He was the third son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He succeeded his father as King of England in 1189, his two elder brothers had died previously. Richard is noted for his role in the 3rd Crusade against Saladin. … Read more King Richard the Lionheart 1157 – 1199

King Stephen of England 1096 – 1154

Stephen was born in 1097 and died 25th October 1154, the son of Adela of Blois, daughter of William I and Stephen, Count of Blois, France. He became King of England after the nobles rejected Henry I’s daughter Matilda as queen. He married Matilda of Boulogne and they had five children. For most of his … Read more King Stephen of England 1096 – 1154

King Henry II 1133 – 1189

Henry was born 5th March 1133 and died 6th July 1189. He was the son of Matilda and Geoffrey of Anjou and the grandson of Henry I. He inherited Anjou, Maine, Touraine and Normandy when his father died. Henry married Eleanor of  Aquitaine who was divorced from the French king. After the death of his … Read more King Henry II 1133 – 1189

King William II, Rufus, c1057 – 1100

William was the third son of King William I and Matilda of Flanders. He succeeded to the throne of England after his father’s death. William was nicknamed Rufus because he had red hair and a ruddy complexion. He was killed in a hunting accident in 1100. As he was unmarried with no children, the crown … Read more King William II, Rufus, c1057 – 1100

King William I, Conqueror 1028 – 1087

William was the illegitimate son of Duke Robert of Normandy. He became Duke of Normandy after his father’s death. He claimed he was promised the throne of England by Edward the Confessor and  that Harold Godwinson had promised to support his claim to the throne. When Harold Godwinson was crowned King Harold II after the … Read more King William I, Conqueror 1028 – 1087

King Henry I 1068 – 1135

Henry was born in 1068 (exact date not known) and died 1st December 1135. He was the third son of William I and the first of William’s children to be born in England. He became King after his brother William II was killed while hunting in the New Forest 2nd August 1100. His son, William died … Read more King Henry I 1068 – 1135