King Edgar 943 – 975

King Edgar of England

 Family tree for King Edgar, son of King Edmund I showing:

Short Biography

Edgar, known as ‘The Peaceful’ was born around 943 and died 8th July 975. He was the youngest son of King Edmund I and Aelfgifu of Shaftesbury.

In 946, Edgar’s father, was murdered by Leofa a thief who had been exiled. Edgar’s elder brother, Eadwig, was considered too young to take the throne so his uncle Eadred took the throne. Edgar and Eadwig were cared for by the Nobleman Aethelstan and his wife and were educated by Aethelwald, the Abbot of Abingdon.

On 23rd November 955, King Eadred died and Eadwig became King. However, he did not behave like a king and upset the nobles and church elders. The lords of Mercia and Northumbria refused to accept Eadwig as King acknowledged Edgar as their ruler.

When Eadwig died in 959, Edgar succeeded to become King. He earned the nickname ‘the Peaceful’ because he brought peace and security to the kingdom. As king Edgar set about removing his brother’s favourites and chose the Abbot Dunstan to be his adviser and created him Archbishop of Canterbury.

Around 960 Edgar married Aethelflaed the Fair, daughter of Ealdorman Ordmaer of East Anglia. The couple’s son, Edward, was born in 962. It is believed that Aethelflaed died the same year, possibly in childbirth. In 964 Edgar married Aelfthryth of Devon and they had two children – Edmund, born in 965 and Aethelred born in 966.

Edgar died in 975 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Edward


Published Feb 22, 2017 @ 3:15 pm – Updated – Apr 13, 2021 @ 11:23 am

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2017 – 2020). King Edgar 943 – 975. Available: Last accessed September 30th, 2021