King Edward the Elder Family Tree & Biography (874-924)


King Edward the Elder was a member of the House of Wessex. He was the eldest son of King Alfred the Great and became King when his father died in 899. 


King Edward the Elder Family Tree Image showing:

grandparents, parents, siblings, wives and children

King Edward the Elder Family Tree


King Edward the Elder Family Tree in Table Form showing:

grandparents, parents, siblings, wives, children and grandchildren



Paternal Grandfather – King Aethelwulf – (795 – 858)

Paternal Grandmother – Osburh – (d. 854)

Maternal Grandfather – Aethelred Mucel – (d. 895)

Maternal Grandmother – Eadburh – (details unknown)


Father – King Alfred the Great – (849 – 899)

Mother – Ealhswith of Mercia – (d. 902)


Aethelflaed of Mercia – (870 – 918)

Aethelgifu – (d. 896)

Aethelweard – (d. 920)

Aelfthryth of Wessex – (877 – 929)


1. Ecgwynn – (d. c901)

2. Aelfflaed – (878 – 919)

3. Eadgifu of Kent – (905 – 968)


by Ecgwynn

King Aethelstan – (895 – 939)

Edith / Eadgyth – (d. c930) – Contemporary sources do not name the daughter of Aethelstan and Ecgwynn, but later sources refer to her as Edith or Eadgyth.

by Aelfflaed

Eadgifu of Wessex – (902 – 955)

Aelfweard of Wessex – (904 – 924)

Eadflaed of Wessex – (b. c905)

Edwin of Kent – (d. 933)

Eadhild of Wessex – (d. 938)

Eadgyth of Wessex – (910 – 946)

by Eadgifu of Kent

King Edmund I – (921 – 946)

King Eadred – (923 – 955)

Eadburh – (921/924 – 951/953)


by Edith

Aimlab Cuaran – (927 – 981)

Harald Sigtryggsson – (d. 940)

Gofraid MacSitric – (d. 951)

by Eadgifu of Wessex 

King Louis IV of France (936 – 954)

by Eadgyth of Wessex

Liutgarde – (931 – 953)

Liudolfe – (930 – 957)

by King Edmund I

King Eadwig – (941 – 959)

King Edgar – (943 – 975)

Eadburh – (d. 960)


King Edward the Elder Short Biography

King Edward the Elder Family Tree & Biography

Early Years

King Edward the Elder was born around 874 the eldest son of King Alfred the Great and Ealhswith of Mercia. Throughout his childhood England was subject to Viking attacks and Edward’s education included lessons on swordsmanship and other warrior tactics. By the age of 19 he was leading forces into battle.

Marriage and Family

Edward may have married for the first time in 893. Historians are divided as to whether or not he married Ecgwynn. Their son, Aethelstan, was born in 895 and it is believed they also had a daughter, Edith.

It is not known whether Ecgwynn was set aside or died, but in 899 Edward married Aelfflaed, the daughter of Ealdorman Aethelhelm of Wiltshire. They had six children during their 20 year marriage including Aelfweard of Wessex, born 904.

After Aelfflaed died, Edward married Eadgifu, daughter of the Ealdorman of Kent and they had three children including Kings Edmund and Eadred.

King of Wessex

Edward the Elder became King after the death of his father, Alfred, in 899. He faced a challenge to the throne from Aethelwold, his cousin, who had been considered too young to rule after his father Aethelred I. Aethelwold allied himself with the Vikings in the hope of defeating Edward but was killed in battle in 902.

The Viking attacks continued throughout the reign of Edward the Elder. He fought many battles and by the end of 917 he had managed to conquer and all land south of the River Humber.

In 918, Edward’s sister, Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians, died. Although her daughter, Aelfwynn was nominated her successor, Edward removed her and made himself King of Mercia. This united the kingdoms of Wessex and Mercia.

In 923 Edward received the submission of the Scottish King Constantine II. But he was unable to take Northumbria and died on 17th July 924 without achieving his father’s dream of uniting England under one ruler. That dream would be achieved by Edward’s eldest son Aethelstan. 


Published Apr 22 2022 @ 4:45 pm – Updated – Jun 20, 2024 @ 11:08 am


Harvard Reference for King Edward the Elder Family Tree:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2022 – 2024). King Edward the Elder Family Tree & Biography (874-924). Available: Last accessed July 14th, 2024