King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272

King Henry III

King Henry III was born 1st October 1207 and died 16th November 1272. He was the son of King John and became King on the death of his father in 1216. Because he was a minor William Marshal was appointed regent until he came of age. He married Eleanor of Provence in 1236 and they had eight children.

Henry had to make concessions, known as the Provisions of Oxford, to the nobles who wanted a greater share of power and a voice in the government of the country. When he went back on the agreement the nobility rose against him. Henry and his eldest son, Edward, were defeated and taken prisoner at the Battle of Lewes 1264. However, Edward escaped, raised an army and defeated the rebels. Henry was succeeded by his son Edward in 1272.

Family tree for Henry, son of King John showing:
parents
siblings 
partner 
children 

  • King John
    of England
    1166 – 1216
    Isabella
    of Angouleme
    1188 – 1246
    • Richard
      of Cornwall
      1209 – 1272
    • Joan of
      Scotland
      1210 – 1238
    • Isabella Holy
      Roman Empress
      1214 – 1241
    • Eleanor
      1215 – 1275
    • HENRY III
      OF ENGLAND
      1207 – 1272
      Eleanor
      of Provence
      1215 – 1275
      • Edward I
        of England
        1239 – 1307
      • Margaret
        of Scotland
        1240 – 1275
      • Beatrice
        of Richmond
        1242 – 1275
      • Katherine
        1253 – 1257

 

Published Jun 5, 2020 @ 4:22 pm – Updated – Jun 5, 2020 @ 4:26 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272. Available: https://www.treesofblue.com/king-henry-iii-of-england-1207-1272. Last accessed October 26th, 2020