King Henry III was born 1st October 1207 and died 16th November 1272. He was the son of King John and became King on the death of his father in 1216. Because he was a minor William Marshal was appointed regent until he came of age. He married Eleanor of Provence in 1236 and they had eight children.
Henry had to make concessions, known as the Provisions of Oxford, to the nobles who wanted a greater share of power and a voice in the government of the country. When he went back on the agreement the nobility rose against him. Henry and his eldest son, Edward, were defeated and taken prisoner at the Battle of Lewes 1264. However, Edward escaped, raised an army and defeated the rebels. Henry was succeeded by his son Edward in 1272.
Family tree for Henry, son of King John showing:
Published Jun 5, 2020 @ 4:22 pm – Updated –
Harvard Reference for this page:
Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). King Henry III of England 1207 – 1272. Available: https://www.treesofblue.com/king-henry-iii-of-england-1207-1272. Last accessed April 13th, 2021