Henry Grey 1517 – 1554

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Short Biography

Henry Grey was born 17th January 1517 and died 23rd February 1554. He was the son of Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset and his second wife, Margaret Wotten. In 1533 Henry married Frances Brandon, daughter of Charles Brandon and Mary, sister of King Henry VIII. After suffering two miscarriages, the couple had three daughters, Jane, Katherine and Mary.

In 1553 when it became clear that King Edward VI was dying, John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland and King Edward became concerned for the succession. England was now Protestant but next in line to the throne was Mary, a Catholic that vowed to restore England to the Catholic faith. 

Henry’s daughter Jane Grey had married John Dudley’s son, Guildford. King Edward signed the Devise for Succession which nominated Jane Grey as his successor. Jane herself was reluctant to become queen but had little choice. She was proclaimed Queen of England on 10th July 1553, four days after Edward’s death. She and Guildford were housed in the Tower of London to await their coronation. However, Jane did not have the support of the people who rose for Mary. On 19th July 1553 Mary was proclaimed Queen. Jane and her husband Guildford were both found guilty of treason, but knowing they were innocent pawns, Mary did not sign their death warrants.

In February 1554, Henry joined Thomas Wyatt’s rebellion against Mary’s planned marriage to King Philip II of Spain. Their plan was to overthrow Mary and put Jane back on the throne. The plan failed and Henry Grey was imprisoned. He was executed by beheading 11 days after his daughter Jane was executed.  

 

Published Jul 2, 2020 @ 10:10 pm – Updated – Jul 2, 2020 @ 10:21 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2020). Henry Grey 1517 – 1554. Available: https://www.treesofblue.com/henry-grey-1517-1554. Last accessed [date]