King George V (1865-1936) Family Tree

Family tree for King George V showing:
parents
siblings 
partner 
children 

  • King
    Edward VII
    1841 – 1910
    Alexandra
    of Denmark
    1844 – 1925
    • Albert Prince
      of Wales
      1864 – 1892
    • Louise
      Princess Royal
      1867 – 1931
    • Princess
      Victoria
      1868 – 1935
    • Princess
      Maud
      1869 – 1938
    • Prince
      Alexander
      1871
    • KING
      GEORGE V
      1865 – 1936
      Mary
      of Teck
      1867 – 1953

 

Short Biography

Early Years and Education

King George V was born George Frederick Ernest Albert to Edward Prince of Wales and Alexandra of Denmark at Marlborough House, London on 3rd June 1865. He was the couple’s second son, his brother Albert had been born in 1864.

George and his elder brother, Albert, were educated by a private tutor. In 1877 they both began naval training on board HMS Britannia at Dartmouth. Their tutor continued to give them lessons during this time.

After spending several years in the navy, George became a Personal Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria.

Marriage and Family

On 14th January 1892, George’s brother Albert, died of pneumonia and George became second in line to the throne after his father.

In 1893 George married Princess Victoria Mary of Teck who had been engaged to his brother Albert. The couple made their home at Sandringham. They had six children including the future Kings Edward VIII and King George VI.

Heir to the Throne

When Queen Victoria died on 22nd January 1901, George’s father became King Edward VII and George became heir to the throne. He was also created Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay.

As Prince and Princess of Wales, George and Mary made a number of overseas tours taking in countries of the British Empire.

King of Britain – House of Windsor

George became King George V of Britain and Emperor of India following the death of his father on 6th May 1910.

Four years later, World War One broke out after German troops invaded Belgium.

On 17th July 1917, amid strong anti-German feeling and fears that the monarchy would fall, George changed the Royal family name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor. For the same reason he declined a request from his cousin, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, for sanctuary.

In 1922, with the Royal position secure, George sent a ship to rescue the Greek royal family. Among those rescued was the infant Prince Philip who would later marry Princess Elizabeth.

Later Years and Death

King George V was a heavy smoker and his health was not good. He was diagnosed with chronic obstructive airways disease in 1925. In 1928 he was taken ill with septicaemia.

In December 1932 George made the first Royal Christmas broadcast beginning a tradition that continues to this day.

King George’s health continued to deteriorate but he remained a popular king and celebrated his silver jubilee in 1935. The same year he expressed his concern about his eldest son’s behaviour and his suitability to be King. He also stated his belief that Edward would ‘ruin himself within 12 months’.

King George V died on 20th January 1936 from the lung condition, pleurisy. His eldest son, Edward, succeeded as King Edward VIII.

 

Published Oct 23, 2021 @ 7:45 pm – Updated – Dec 3, 2021 @ 1:32 pm

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2021). King George V 1865 – 1936. Available: https://www.treesofblue.com/king-george-v-1865-1936. Last accessed December 3rd, 2021